The Tomb of Askia

The city Gao is located midway along the Niger River basin in Africa. It was the capital of the Songhai Empire which dominated Western Africa in the 15th and 16th centuries. Gao has been an important trading point on the Niger River since ancient times. A symbol of imperial glory, the tomb of Askia, the … More The Tomb of Askia


The city of Timbuktu is at the southern tip of the Sahara Desert. The city has many houses made with adobe. Timbuktu was founded during the 11th century and thrived on trade across the Sahara. In the 16th century an estimated 100,000 people lived in the city. Caravans still cross the desert and come to … More Timbuktu

Mr. Muhammad Speaks

In the process of researching the history of “Black Supremacy” (more appropriately termed fear of Black Supremacy) we learned that one of the major triggers for the enormous increase in articles referring to Black Supremacy in the late 1950s and throughout the 1960s had been the teachings of the Honorable Elijah Muhammad. Interestingly enough, The Honorable Elijah … More Mr. Muhammad Speaks