The 8000-year-old dugout canoe from Dufuna (NE Nigeria)

PETER BREUNIG Originally appeared in Aspects of African Archaeology: Papers from the 10th Congress of the Pan-African Association for Prehistory and Related Studies edited by Gilbert Pwiti and Robert Soper INTRODUCTION Boats are humanity’s oldest means of transport. Long before the invention of the wheel and cart, or of transport by animal, boats enabled not … More The 8000-year-old dugout canoe from Dufuna (NE Nigeria)

Melaninology: The study of melanin.

Melanin has been studied for centuries. Oddly, Black people, melanin people, African people, in general, know very little about the substance which causes their physical appearance. For us to truly know ourselves, and accurately perceive the world around us, the study of melanin must be paramount. We need to become experts in melaninology, which we … More Melaninology: The study of melanin.

The World’s Three Oldest Mathematical Objects are From Africa

Yes it’s true. Before there was a Greece, before there was a Romulus or Remus, before there was a Rome, before there was a Carthage, before there was a Kemet (so-called ancient Egypt,) before there was a pyramid, before there was Her Em Ahket (the so-called Sphinx)….Africans were doing math. The three oldest known mathematical … More The World’s Three Oldest Mathematical Objects are From Africa

What Jöns Jacob Berzelius actually says about melanin

Jöns Jacob Berzelius is generally credited with providing the name “melanin” to the choroid coat of the eye. From him the substance known as melanin that is found “throughout the phylogenetic scale without any specific structural, biogenetic, or functional implication.” https://books.google.com/books?id=zp45AAAAcAAJ&dq=%22Lehrbuch%20der%20Chemie%22%20berzelius&pg=PA521#v=snippet&q=schwarze&f=false But does Berzelius actually use the term “melanin?” On page 521 in volume 9 of … More What Jöns Jacob Berzelius actually says about melanin