In July 1973 Cheikh Anta Diop published a paper on the pigmentation of the Ancient Egyptians (Kemetians). In the paper he established melanin levels as a fundamental racial characteristic and that there exist laboratory methods to measure melanin levels for both dead and living beings.
One issue presented in opposition to the future study of Ancient Kemetic mummies skin melanin levels was the need to take a sample of skin from the subjects.
Since that time devices have been developed which measure skin color and melanin.
Skin optical characterization device is a generic term for instruments which determine an individual’s skin melanin index. Below are links to patents for such devices. They make the idea of the measuring of melanin index for Egyptian mummies a non-invasive procedure.
These devices mean the examination of the melanin index can be subject to quantifiable measure and there is no excuse not to conduct an examination in Kemetic mummies. The opponents of Dr. Cheikh Anta Diop’s Melanin Dosage Test argue against it because of the need to consume the sample taken, thereby potentially damaging the artifact being examined.
- Skin optical characterization device generally directed to dermatological devices and methods in which one or more skin characteristics, such as the melanin index, are determined by analyzing radiation back scattered from a skin region illuminated by at least one, and preferably, two or more wavelengths, e.g., in a range of about 600 nm to about 900 nm
Skin optical characterization device invention is generally directed to dermatological devices and methods in which one or more skin characteristics, such as the melanin index, are determined by analyzing radiation backscattered from a skin region illuminated by at least one, and preferably, two or more wavelengths, e.g., in a range of about 600 nm to about 900 nm
- A discontinued version of the Konica Minolta CM-2500c Spectrophotometer was used in the study entitled “The use of spectrophotometry to estimate melanin density in Caucasians.“
- Use of the spectrophotometer to measure melanin has been used since at least 1948 according to “Use of the spectrophotometer for measuring melanin dispersion in the frog.“
- Melanin absorption spectroscopy: new method for noninvasive skin investigation and melanoma detection (Journal article)
- In vivo confocal scanning laser microscopy of human skin: melanin provides strong contrast
- Skin examination device
- Non-Invasive Measurements of Skin Pigmentation In Situ
A study involving 30 volunteers evaluated the performance of:
Since the above devices require no invasive sampling, why haven’t studies been conducted on the melanin levels of Kemetic mummies using them?