Denzel Washington’s First Film as Director Features The Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey

Antwone Fisher (actor Derek Luke) receives a copy of the Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey from Dr. Jerome Davenport (Denzel Washington)
Antwone Fisher (actor Derek Luke) receives a copy of the Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey from Dr. Jerome Davenport (Denzel Washington)

Denzel Washington’s 2003 blockbuster directorial debut motion picture Antwone Fisher features a great book: The Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey.

The Oscar award winning Washington both directs and acts in the movie. As naval psychiatrist Dr. Jerome Davenport he’s working with sailor Antwone Fisher. At one point, Davenport (Washington) tells Fisher (Derek Luke) to read The Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey as a way of building his self-esteem as a Black man.

The Philosophy and Opinions has long been recognized as one of the great inspirational works.

Garvey’s book is available as a free download. You can download it at:

either Archive.org or the Journal of Pan African Studies

The scene where Dr. Davenport gives Antwone a copy of Dr. Tony Martin’s The Majority Press edition of The Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey is pivotal. It is the scene where Antwone has his final burst of anger. That emotion puts him in a state where he admits or recognizes its source: the death of a friend named Jesse. Witnessing shooting led to Antwone joining the Navy. That revelation apparently gives Fisher a sense of clarity and relief. He accepts the challenge of the hero’s journey with a decision to set out and find his biological family. Dr. Davenport and Antwone admit their love for each other. That is a breakthrough for the both of them. They each can now move on with their lives and fully be who they were meant to be. Lastly, Antwone picks up the P&O that he flung in anger previously. That act further shows he has reconciled with the destiny he rejected earlier in the scene. It is then he realizes Davenport as a good friend instead of a surrogate father. His final act in the scene of brushing debris from the book indicates it is treasured as a memento of all that has transpired.

Like all good props, whether they be Dorothy’s ruby slippers or Luke’ Skywalker’s lightsaber or Morpheus’ mirror shades , Antwone’s copy of the Philosophy & Opinions of Marcus Garvey not only transforms him, it alters how he is percepived also. Antwone clutches the book like the precious asset it is. The gift was flung in anger when he believed he was being abandoned Davenport announced their sessions had to end. Antwone’s retrieval of the book at scene’s end indicates a reconciliation with Dr. Davenport and the beginning of a new relationship for the two of them.

The audience is changed as well. They see intelligent men who read the P&O, give it as gifts and value it.


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